Petroleum Engineering Schools– Everything You Need To Know
Petroleum Engineering is not an easy field of engineering that concerned with activities regarding to the mass production of hydrocarbons, which can be natural gas or crude oil. Discovering and Productions are deemed to fall inside the upstream sectors of the massive gas and oil industry. Exploration, by scientists of earth, and petroleum engineering are the gas and oil industry’s two main subsurface disciplines, which mainly focus on highly maximize economic recovery of hydrocarbon from subsurface reservoirs. Basically petroleum geophysics and geology focus on provision of a static description of hydrocarbons reservoir rocks, on the other hand petroleum engineering schools are mainly focuses on estimation of the recoverable volume of resource using a detailed understanding of the material behavior of water, oil and gas within porous rock at extremely high pressure.
The combined efforts of petroleum engineers and geologist throughout the life of hydrocarbons accretions determine the way of which a reservoir is depleted and developed, and commonly they have the biggest impact on the field of economics. Petroleum engineering schools are requires a high knowledge of many other regarding disciplines, such as petroleum geology, geophysics, formation evaluation(logging), economics, drilling, reservoir engineering, reservoir simulations, artificial lift systems, well engineering, completions and gas and oil facilities engineering.
What is Petroleum Engineering?
Petroleum Engineering is not an easy field but it is one of the best fields that you can see its effect that you’re having one world as you go along with it.
Energy is a basic key component of people’s everyday life, and is more secure energy future demands a balance between affordable supply and low environmental impact. Geo-system and Petroleum engineers are able to find and solve the important issues that will lead us to energy security and these are high demand today.
Environmentally and Economic safe production of mass petroleum resources requires creative applications of a large spectrum of knowledge, including this in not limited to :
Petroleum Engineering go beyond with many of the engineering discipline, such as: chemical, mechanical and civil engineering.
Petroleum Engineering Program Graduates will :
- Oversee drilling activity
- Evaluate potential gas and oil reservoirs
- Implement on recovery schemes
- Design treatment facilities and surface collections
Petroleum engineers are increasingly using advanced computers, not only for analysis of exploration data and recreation of reservoirs behaviors, but mainly in the automation process of drilling operations and oilfield productions. Petroleum engineering colleges own most of the worlds high configured supercomputers.
Petroleum engineers have a bright future full of opportunities and big challenges. They have to develop and apply new tech to recover hydrocarbons from tar sands, oil shale, gas fields and offshore oil and they must also devise new techniques for recovery of oil left in the ground after application of predictable producing techniques.
Petroleum Engineering Job Overview :
The Petroleum Engineering Profession got its start in 1914 within the American Institutes of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineer (AIME). This is the First Petroleum Engineering degree was conferred in the year 1915 by university of Pittsburgh. Since then, the profession of petroleum engineering has evolved to solve increasingly difficult situations, as much of the “low hanging fruits” of the world’s oil field have been found and exhausted. Improvements from computer modeling, materials and the application of statistics, probability analysis of oil, and then new technologies like horizontal drilling and enhanced oil recovery, dramatically improved the toolbox of petroleum engineering in recent decades.
Deep- water, desert and arctic conditions are usually competing with. High temp and high pressure(HTHP) environment is become increasingly commonplace in operations and requires the petroleum engineer to be a savvy in topics as broad ranging as thermo-hydraulic, geomechanic, and high end intelligent systems.
The Society of Petroleum Engineer (SPE) is the biggest professional society for Petroleum engineers and it publishes much information regarding the industry. Petroleum engineering education is available more than 17 universities in the United States of America and many more in the world- primarily in the Oil Producing region – and some oil companies have in house petroleum engineering training classes.
Petroleum Engineers Job Outlook :
Employment of petroleum engineer is expected to grow 17 % from 2011 to 2021, about as fast as the average of all occupations of engineering, Oil prices will surely a major determinant of employment growth, as higher prices lead to increasing complexity for oil company’s operations and they require more engineers for new drilling operations.
Types of Petroleum Engineering :
Petroleum Engineers are divide themselves mainly in three types :
- Reservoir engineers work to optimize the production of gas and oil via proper well placement, production rates, and enhanced the techniques of oil recovery.
- Production Engineers, including the subsurface engineer, use to manage the interface between the reservoir and well, including perforations, down hole flow control, sand control, and down-hole monitoring equipment: with evaluate artificial lift method: and select surface equipment that separate the produced fluids of earth(natural gas, oil and water).
- Drilling Engineers use to manage the technical aspects of drilling production, drilling exploratory and injection wells.
What Petroleum Engineers do as a Job?
Petroleum Engineers develop and design methods for extracting oil and gas from the deposits below the earth surface. Petroleum engineers also find New and smooth ways to extract gas and oil from older wells too.
Petroleum engineers are generally work in offices or in a research laboratories. However, they must also spend times at drilling sites and often for long period of time.
How to become a Petroleum Engineer?
Petroleum Engineer should have bachelor’s degree in engineering, preferably from verified Petroleum engineering schools. Most of the Employers also value work experience in petroleum engineering industry, so in cooperative engineering programs, in which students use to earn academic credits for structured job experience, are valuable as well.
Petroleum Engineer Salary :
Petroleum Engineering salary has a historically been one of the biggest paid engineering discipline over the world. although there is a tendency for mass layoffs when price decline. In June 4th in year 2007 article. Forbes.com reported that petroleum engineering was the 24th highest paying jobs in the United states of America. In the Year of 2012 National Association of Employers and Colleges survey showed Petroleum Engineers as the most highest paid 2012 gradates at an average of around $125,220 annual salary and for individuals with experience, Petroleum Engineering salary can also go from around $175,000 to $265,000 annually. They make an average of 112,000$ a year and almost $54.25 per hour.
Since Many Petroleum Companies carry out worldwide operation, the petroleum engineers may have the opportunities for assignment all over the world. Petroleum engineer must solve the variety of political, technological and economic problems encountered in these kind of assignments. These kind of exciting technological challenge combine to offers the petroleum engineers a most rewarding career.